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Skin Cancer EP3

Skin cancer is an uncontrolled growth of the cells within the skin.

There are 3 major types :

  1. basal cell carcinoma
  2. squamous cell carcinoma
  3. and melanoma

Some types of skin cancer can spread to other locations and can be fatal.

Skin cancer can have many different appearances :

  1. Basal cell carcinoma often looks like :
  • Open sore
  • Red bumps
  • Red patches
  • Shiny bumps

2. Squamous cell carcinoma often looks like :

  • Persistent scaly red patch
  • Crusted spot
  • Elevated growth with central depression

3. Melanoma often looks like :

Brown or black but can appear pink, tan or even white

 A B C D E Rules

for early detection of melanoma

A stands for Asymmetry:

One half of the mole does not match the other half.

B stands for Border:

Borders of the mole are irregular, ragged or blurred.

C stands for ​​Color:

Color of the mole changes or varies throughout, no uniform pigmentation.

C stands for ​​Color:

Color of the mole changes or varies throughout, no uniform pigmentation.

D stands for Diameter:

Diameter is greater than 6 mm (could be smaller).

E stands for Evolving:

Changes in the mole over variable time- weeks, months or years.

Prevention

  • Avoid peak sunlight during the day
  • Avoid indoor tanning bed
  • Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen
  • Reapply sunscreen every 2-4 hours

Risk Factors

People with certain risk factors will increase the risk of skin cancer.

  • Light natural skin color
  • History of sun burns early in life
  • History of indoor tanning
  • Family or personal history of skin cancer
  • Blonde or red hair

Skin Cancer Treatment

Treatment for skin cancer depends on types and stages. The goal of treatment is to remove cancer completely. 

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